If you own or are looking for a good camera, investing in lenses is important. Lenses, also known as objectives, are available in many different variants and can each contribute something special to your pictures. It is also a good idea to invest in good lenses as they can contribute to the clarity and focal speed of your images, resulting in a more beautiful Bokeh.
If you are going to buy a new lens for your camera, it is important that you buy the lens with the correct mount. Basically, you just need to check that the mount of the camera body and the lens match. If you want a lens that does not necessarily fit your camera, you may want to use a Metabones Adapter.
Standard zoom lenses are good all-around lenses that can be used for most types of photography. If you get a lens with your camera body, it is often a Kit lens, which is a Standard zoom lens. For most people, the Kit lenses can be the only lens they need, but for those who are interested in photography or just want to take great pictures, it may be a good idea to have several different kinds. For them, it may also be a good idea to upgrade their Kit lens to a better Standard Zoom lens.
Telezoom and superzoom lenses are very similar to standard zoom lenses, but they can zoom in further. A standard zoom lens usually has a focal length ranging from 18-55mm, where a Telezoom lens can range from e.g. 55-250mm, 70-200mm or 100-400mm. These long focal lengths make the lenses perfect for sports and wildlife photography.
Macro objectives are built to take pictures very close to their motifs. Although you can achieve similar effects with lenses that have built-in macro function, macro filters or extension tubes, you get the best results with a macro lens. These lenses are the perfect choice if you want to take pictures of insects, flowers or the like, where you have to go very close to get the right picture.
Prime lenses are different from all the other lens types in one way, and that is, they cannot zoom. This may seem like a negative, but it typically makes the lenses very good in other ways while being cheaper than zoom lenses. They often have a wide aperture e.g. f/2.8, f/1.8 or f/1.4. This means that they are ideal for portrait photography or photography in low light. It is also a good objective type for new photographers to improve themselves because they have to be creative to get the right composition of their images.